Yangshuo is the land of poets, set in a dreamland of enchanting karst mountains and pristine rivers. It is a fairytale-like landscape immortalized by numerous artists and poets. The town itself has been here since antiquity. Established as a county in the Sui Dynasty in 590 AD, Yangshuo has always inspired artists throughout its history and became one of the most popular backpacker havens in Asia in the 1980's. Of course, the main reason travelers come here is to admire the beautiful landscape, but once here you will discover that Yangshuo has a lot more to offer and that it's a perfect place to experience traditional Chinese rural culture. Traces of its ancient history are found all over the county in architecture, caves, ancient bridges, and also in traditions.
Yangshuo County is home to several ethnic minority groups of Zhuang, Yao, Dong and Miao. Although wearing traditional clothes in daily life has almost disappeared (it's still very common further north), it is obvious to see differences among the ethnic groups. Most people in Yangshuo are Zhuang nationality and are related to the Thai. They have their own language which is still spoken in some villages, although most local people speak a dialect of mandarin, known as Yangshuo hua (Yangshuo language).
Apart from the famous China festivals like Spring Festival, full Moon Festival and Tomb Sweeping Day (Qing Ming), the Yangshuo people also celebrate their local festivals. Some more recent festivals are celebrated locally and display the rich Yangshuo culture, such as Fishing Lantern Festival. Experiencing the atmosphere during one of these celebrations provides a memorable experience as part of your Yangshuo tour. Yangshuo local foods are a unique adventure for anyone traveling here for the first time. There are some famous noodle dishes that are very tasty. Also not to be missed is the wonderful Yangshuo beer fish. This region is also well known for its local fruits , such as mandarin oranges, persimmon, water chestnuts and Pomelo (a kind of sweet grapefruit).